Proizvodnja industrijskog kanabisa u Srbiji

Production of industrial cannabis in Serbia

Growing industrial hemp can be very profitable, and in our country, there is a growing interest in growing this crop. We can use the hemp plant whole, but it uses for now only flowers and grains in Serbia. However, if you grow this plant, you must harmonize the production of hemp with the Ordinance on the conditions for growing hemp.

Stručnjaci iz oblasti prehrambene industrije iz čitavog sveta u uvrstili su kanabis u listu trendova u ishrani koji će biti popularni u 2020. godini. Takođe, često se može čuti da je konoplja biljka budućnosti.

It published the Rulebook on the conditions for growing hemp in our country in the “Official Gazette” on July 24, 2013. Since then, this rulebook is the only legal regulation governing the cultivation of hemp in Serbia.

This rulebook regulates which variety of hemp we can grow in Serbia, which conditions we must meet by a legal and natural person to grow industrial hemp, but also what are the costs, manner, and deadline for issuing a permit for growing cannabis.

Naime, u Srbiji je dozvoljeno gajenje samo sorte konoplje koje pripadaju vrsti konoplje (Cannabis sativa L) i čiji je sadržaj supstanci iz grupe tetrahidrokanabinola manji od 0,3%.

We can grow hemp only for fiber production, seed production for animal nutrition, seed quality testing, and its marketing. For sowing hemp, seeds that have been produced, processed, packaged, and declared under the law governing seeds must be used. Only a person registered in the Register of Producers of Seeds, Seedlings, Mycelium of Edible and Medicinal Fungi can get a permit for growing hemp in Serbia.

The European Cannabis Report kao jedan od glavnih razloga za oštar stav srpske vlade po pitanju upotrebe kanabisa navodi i rad Komisija za psihoaktivne kontrolisane supstance. Izveštaj navodi kao pozitivne primere zagovaranja legalizacije medicinskog kanabisa organizaciju IRKA (Inicijativa za promenu zakonske regulative kanabisa), rad Zelene partije i činjenicu da se za legalizaciju medicinskog kanabisa zalagao pokret Dosta je bilo.

As the most important field for the use of medical cannabis in Serbia, The European Cannabis Report highlights the fact that Serbia has one of the highest rates of diabetes in Europe, and that the costs of treating diabetes are high for the average citizen. Research conducted so far shows how cannabis use can stabilize sugar levels and relieve pain and inflammation, suggesting that medical cannabis can be widely used in Serbia, even if we consider only its potential in treating diabetes. An example of positive progress in Serbia’s cooperation with the Canadian company Eviana Healthcare for the production of medical products based on hemp, according to The European Cannabis Report.

Besides medical cannabis, a great economic opportunity for Serbia lies in the use’s legalization of marijuana for recreational purposes. The mentioned report also states the first study on drug consumption, which was conducted in Serbia in 2014. The study included over 5,000 respondents, and the results showed that drug use was at a lower level than the EU average – about 8% of adult respondents in Serbia had ever used narcotics. Cannabis is most often consumed, and its use is more common in men than in women.

Ukoliko se trend liberalizacije stavova po pitanju upotrebe kanabisa bude nastavio u Evropi, šansu za razvoj jedne potpuno nove industrije imaće i Srbija. Ono što je važno pre svega jeste promeniti sporne zakone (što trenutno deluje daleko), što bi bio početak drugačijeg odnosa države prema kanabisu, čime bi se Srbija pridružila brojnim drugim zemljama koje polako počinju da kanabis vide kao potencijalno korisno medicinskog sredstvo i prostor za ulaganje i otvaranje novih radnih mesta.

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